8 days

Q. Why does Pesach have 8 days? [Jacob aged 10]

A.  Pesach is celebrated for 8 days outside of Israel on the authority of the ancient sages during the period of the Second Temple.  At that time it was impossible to inform those who lived at a distance from Jerusalem of the exact date of a forthcoming festival.  By celebrating an extra day outside of Israel, everyone was certain that the right day was observed simultaneously by all Jews regardless of where they lived.  Although today we have a fixed calendar and know exactly when the festivals are, we continue with to have an additional day as it had become an accepted practice.
[Children's Rabbi]

Pesach

Pesach is the next festival in the Jewish calendar. It has 4 names:

1. Pesach – as referred to in the Talmud. Known as Passover as the Angel of Death passed over the houses of Israel at the time of the final plague. Remembers the miracles of Hashem.

2. Chag HaMatzot – Festival of unleavened bread (as referred to in the Torah)

3. Zeman Cheruteinu – Season of our Freedom. The Children of Israel escaped from slavery.

4. Chag Ha’Aviv chctv  – Spring Festival.

[Children's Rabbi]

Three Weeks

Q. What are the Three Weeks? [Sara aged 10]

A. The Three Weeks are a sad period in the Jewish calendar between the fast of 17th Tammuz and the fast of Tisha B’Av (9th Av) in which we remember the destruction of both the first and second temples. During these three weeks, there are no weddings, we don’t listen to music or have haircuts. [Children's Rabbi]

Shavuot

Q. What is Shavuot? [Ruth, aged 9]

A. Shavuot is the festival that celebrates the giving of the Torah on Mount Sinai over 3,300 years ago. That’s why it’s also called  Zeman Matan Torateinu – The Season of the Giving of our Torah. [Children's Rabbi]

Asara B’Tevet

Q. What is Asara B’Tevet? [Aharon aged 10]
A. It is one of three fast days in the Jewish calendar which remember the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem. This fast falls on 10 Tevet remembers the start of the surrounding of Jerusalem that led to its destruction. [Children's Rabbi]

Chanukah

Aside

Q. What is Chanukah? [Hannah aged 8]
A. Chanukah is a great and special day for the Jewish People! It starts on 25 Kislev and lasts for 8 days. [Children's Rabbi]